Women are unique and, as such, the best approach to fat loss for women is also unique. As a general rule, women have more body fat than men. Of course, this isn't always the case, but when looking at the population as a whole, this is the trend that seems to be the most common.
Women also tend to store more fat in the butt and thighs, whereas men usually have more belly fat. Again, not always the case, but another common trend.
There are some different theories as to why women have more body fat and more easily store body fat, than men, but the most widely accepted has to do with evolutionary benefits and hormone levels.
Women have more estrogen than men so that a woman's body can support a healthy pregnancy. While estrogen is important for women's health and a helpful hormone for many things, it also promotes fat storage , which can make it harder for you to lose body fat.
During and after menopause, changes in estrogen, progesterone, and other hormones can also increase fat storage, especially around the midsection, and can lead to weight gain or difficulty losing weight.
But while fat loss for women can be a little more difficult than for men, there are several methods that can increase your body's ability to burn fat and help you lose weight.
When trying to lose fat, there isn't one magical body fat number you need to aim for. Healthy body fat percentages are actually given in ranges and for women, anything between 25-31% is considered acceptable, while 32% or higher is classified as obesity .
Once you start reaching higher fitness levels, you may want to go for lower numbers. Women who are physically fit and work out regularly and consistently usually have 21-24% body fat.
Keep in mind that with losing fat, the goal isn't to lose as much fat as quickly as you can. Your body needs some fat to function properly. This body fat is called essential fat, and for women, it’s about 10-13% .
Now that you know what healthy body fat levels look like, I want to set some realistic expectations for you before jumping into the best ways to promote fat loss for women.
There are many different factors, like overall body composition, hormones and age, that affect how quickly you can lose weight. But as a general rule, you should only expect to lose about 0.5-1% of your body fat each week or 2-4% each month at most.
That means if you're currently at 43% body fat, it could take you at least three months to get into the targeted range of 31% or lower. And that's with lots of consistency and dedication.
As you start your fat loss journey, keep those numbers in mind. And don't get discouraged if you only see small changes. These small changes add up to big results as you continue on your path.
Diet and exercise are the foundation of fat loss, but they're not the only things you need to consider. When you're trying to reach your weight loss goals, you need to follow a comprehensive program that addresses your mental health, sleep cycle, diet, and exercise.
Addressing these areas will not only give you more energy and make you feel better overall. They also help balance your hormones, which play a role in fat storage.
Some women are afraid of resistance training, or strength training, because they think it will build muscle and make them look too bulky. But weight training can actually slim you down by helping you burn fat while you increase your lean muscle mass.
In one study, a group of overweight women started using resistance bands three times a week for 12 weeks. They lost a significant amount of body fat and belly fat while also building lean body mass .
When you build lean body mass, it helps improve your basal metabolic rate (BMR), or the number of calories your body burns when you're not doing anything. When you have a higher BMR, it makes it easier to lose fat and maintain a healthy body weight.
If you’re not already, make sure you’re lifting weights a few times a week in addition to doing cardio.
If you feel like you’ve reached a standstill when it comes to fat loss, you may benefit from switching up your exercise routine a little bit. For example, if you, like many of our clients, already do high-intensity training like Crossfit, try to also incorporate some progressive overload into your resistance training.
All this means is cycling through repetitions, while gradually increasing resistance each week. For example, do eight repetitions of each exercise on Monday, 10 repetitions on Wednesday and 12 repetitions on Friday. Repeat this cycle every week, while simultaneously adding more weight or resistance.
If you don’t already, you may also benefit from incorporating interval training, a form of exercise where you alternate short bursts of high-intensity exercise, like sprinting, with longer bursts of low-intensity exercise, like jogging, into your routine.
When doing this type of training, you spend about a minute or so working as hard as you can to increase your heart rate. Then, reduce your effort for a couple of minutes to recover before starting again.
While you can do regular aerobic and cardio exercise too, incorporate interval training a few times a week for optimal fat burning.
Have you ever heard the phrase "abs are made in the kitchen"? That's really a catchy way of saying your diet has a large impact on your body composition. Even if you’re hitting the gym or the Crossfit box regularly, you won't see much progress if you don’t pay attention to what's on your plate.
That doesn't mean you have to do any strict dieting or daily calorie counting, but you do need to make healthy choices about your food intake as much as you can.
Make sure you're getting lean protein, lots of fiber-rich veggies and, yes, even healthy fats, like olive oil, avocado and grass-fed butter at each meal.
Protein is the most satiating macronutrient, so it’s also important to make sure you eat enough and spread your intake out throughout the day. This will help keep you full and help you get rid of body fat and retain lean muscle mass.
Aim for 20 to 30 grams of protein per meal. To put this in perspective, 4 ounces of chicken breast contains about 32 grams of protein .
While calories aren't the only thing that matters with weight loss, you do need to pay attention to your overall calorie intake. Excess calories are stored as body fat, and if you overeat often, you'll have a much harder time losing fat.
On the other hand, if you're in a calorie deficit — or you're consuming fewer calories than your body needs — you're more likely to lose excess fat.
A really great way to make sure you're staying within your target calorie range is to track your macros and make a meal plan that you can follow each week. Tracking your macros not only prevents overeating — it also helps optimize your micronutrient (or vitamin and mineral) intake since different types of foods all have something different to offer.
Keep in mind nutrition is never one-size-fits-all — some people need more carbs, while others need a high-protein diet. Take time to understand what works best for your body.
Women tend to put a lot on their plates (no pun intended). Taking care of adult life, going to work, and sometimes looking after loved ones, plus all of the other responsibilities you have can take a toll and add a great deal of stress to your life.
This type of chronic, never-ending stress isn't only mentally harmful. It can also increase levels of a hormone called cortisol. When cortisol levels are high, it can make it harder to lose fat and contribute to weight gain, especially in the form of belly fat.
While it's impossible to get rid of stress completely, it is important to take the necessary steps to manage or reduce your stress levels. Ask people for help, reduce your workload if you can, meditate, do yoga.
There are lots of different ways to approach stress relief, so find the best combination that works for you and set aside some non-negotiable time to practice it regularly.
Getting enough sleep sets you up for a really great day by allowing your body to restore itself and helping to improve your energy levels. But sleep is an important part of your weight too.
Like high stress levels, a lack of sleep can increase cortisol. Sleep also disrupts two other hormones—ghrelin and leptin. Ghrelin is the hormone that tells you you're hungry, while leptin is the one that signals that you're full.
Sleep deprivation increases ghrelin while simultaneously decreasing leptin. This hormone cascade can leave you feeling hungry all of the time, even when you've just had a meal.
One study that involved 245 women found that getting enough quality sleep, defined as at least seven hours per night, increased the chances of weight loss by as much as 33% over a six-month period .
On the flip side, women who sleep fewer than five hours per night are more likely to gain weight .
Prioritize your sleep schedule and try to get at least seven hours, but preferably eight, of high-quality sleep every night.
There are a lot of different factors to consider when trying to optimize fat loss for women. While you can start to implement this advice on your own, if you’re new to a healthy lifestyle, it can feel overwhelming to navigate without any help.
If you'd like some guidance, a WAG-certified nutrition coach can help design a weight loss program that's specifically targeted to you and your individual needs.
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